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Fire & Water - Cleanup & Restoration

How to Choose the Right Smoke Detector for Your Home

2/8/2023 (Permalink)

Smoke detector in action. No matter what type of smoke detector you choose, it is crucial to have one in each room of your home.

Fire is one of the leading causes of death in the country. It’s estimated that more than 40,000 people die each year from fires and that three out of every four fire deaths occur in homes. To protect your home and loved ones from these tragic statistics, it’s imperative to have a smoke detector. But don’t just settle for any smoke detector—make sure you choose one that will give you ample warning if there is ever an emergency at home.

Types of Smoke Detectors

There are two common types of smoke detectors: ionization detectors and photoelectric detectors.

Ionization smoke detectors use an ionization chamber to detect smoke particles. Photoelectric sensors work in exactly the same way as ionization alarms, except instead of using wires to sense smoke particles, they use light beams that pass-through phototubes.

Ionization detectors

Ionization smoke detectors are the least expensive choice and are typically installed in new homes. They’re sensitive to fast-moving fires, which means they can be triggered by flaming fires and large, smoky fires.

Ionization detectors work by detecting the atoms produced when a fire occurs—the atoms that make up smoke from flames and heat. These detectors rely on the detection of particles in the air (ions).

Ionization smoke detectors are the most common type of detector, and for good reason: they're less expensive than photoelectric detectors and can be installed in a period as short as five minutes. However, ionization detectors have a few downsides. One downside is since they're so sensitive to fast fires that produce lots of smoke, they are prone to false alarms.

Photoelectric detectors

Photoelectric detectors are more sensitive to smaller particles and are better at detecting smoldering fires. They’re not as good at detecting fast-moving fires because the smoke particles in those fires move too quickly for the photoelectric sensor to react. 

Photoelectric detectors work by using a light beam as an optical trigger, which is aimed at a photocell on the front of the unit. When light enters this cell, it triggers an alarm if smoke reaches it before you do—but only if there is no visible flame present in your home!

This sensitivity makes photoelectric detectors ideal for detecting smoldering fires before they become fully developed blazes. The speed and temperature at which these fires spread can be detected by an early warning system like this one, so you can take action even before it's too late. 

The importance of having a smoke detector in your home

Smoke detectors are a must in any home. They can help save lives and alert you to a fire before it gets out of hand. Smoke detectors should be installed in every room of your house, including the basement and garage.

A smoke detector is a lifesaver, but these devices are often misunderstood because they are easily forgotten about until an emergency situation arises. To avoid this problem, it's important that you know exactly how a smoke detector works so that you can install them safely and effectively in all areas of your home. A professionally-installed smoke detector is easy to find at most hardware stores or big box retailers like Walmart or Home Depot; however, there may also be local companies that offer installation services as well.

No matter what type of smoke detector you choose, it is crucial to have one in each room of your home. We hope this article has given you the information needed to make an informed decision about which is best for your home.

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